Since CBD is rapidly going mainstream, more and more people are interested in finding out about the nuances and intricacies behind hemp-derived oil, its potential therapeutic benefits, how it’s made, and how one can benefit from taking CBD oil.
It’s safe to say that the journey a plant takes before it becomes a solution in a little container is a rather complex one. We’re here to break it down to a more comprehensive form and help our readers realize how important it is to know exactly what is happening behind the curtains.
The process of converting the naturally oil-soluble CBD into water-soluble CBD is among the most important processes during production. We are going to cover some of the frequently asked questions that may help you get a better insight into the process itself, and why it is considered crucial.
What Does Water-Soluble Mean?
Before we dive a bit deeper into the subject, it’s probably a good idea to get familiar with the terminology. Fortunately, it’s pretty easy to understand the concepts behind it used in this particular industry, so you don’t have to worry too much about being left confused.
As you can assume, water-soluble refers to something that can be dissolved in water. CBD is oil in its natural state, meaning it cannot be dissolved in water. Because of this, CBD can only be effectively incorporated into the body through a very narrow range of uses. However, it comes down to bioavailability, which is a term responsible for indicating how much of CBD (or any given substance) can be absorbed by the body, and how much of it would go to waste. In its natural state, CBD oil cannot effectively pass through your system, meaning that a large percentage of it would go to waste.
The First-Pass Effect
The first-pass effect, also called the first-pass metabolism, describes how the assembly of a particular compound is significantly shortened before it even hits body circulation. This is important because it teaches us about the tremendous reduction of bioavailability in oil-based compounds. However, it’s essential to remember that the first-pass effect only affects the bioavailability of CBD when taken orally. Fortunately, there are ample scientific techniques to get around this.
Miscible vs. Soluble
In case you’re an avid fan of CBD oil and CBD-infused products in general, chances are you are going to run into the “miscible vs. soluble” battle, so it’s probably a good idea for us to cover the definition behind these concepts to make it a bit clearer for you.
Miscibility of a particular compound refers to how well its liquid form can make a homogenous solution with another liquid. In other words, miscible liquids will mix well with each other regardless of the ratio of each liquid.
Why Doesn’t Oil Dissolve in Water?
Water is held together by hydrogen bonds. Oils, on the other hand, don’t have polar parts, meaning they would have to break water’s hydrogen bonds to dissolve.
How to Know If Something Is Soluble in Water
Since water is a polar compound, it will only dissolve when mixed with other polar compounds. To determine the polarity of a particular compound, one must identify the molecular shape of the said compound. Symmetrical molecular shapes indicate that the compound in question is non-polar.
How Is Water-Soluble CBD Made?
Now that we’ve covered the terminology and definitions, it’s time to figure out the reasons as to why would companies make water-soluble CBD oil, and how do they do it.
While the process behind making water-soluble CBD isn’t particularly straightforward, it’s quite easy to comprehend. Since oil repels water, it must be broken down into micro and nanodroplets. Since these particles are much smaller than the normal oil drop size, they can be mixed into water-based forms much more efficiently. The increased surface area of smaller droplets allows for better bioavailability, which is, as we’ve pointed out – an essential element in the whole equation.
Advantages of Water-Soluble CBD
The most significant advantage of water-soluble CBD is the fact that our body can reap the benefits of water-soluble compounds much more efficiently than non-soluble compounds. Once again, the bioavailability of this type of CBD is much higher, so it will consequently cause far more effective responses within the human body.
Furthermore, these types of solutions can be added to drinks, foods, or sprayed directly into your mouth. Since your body can absorb nearly 100% of cannabinoids from water-soluble CBD, it’s much more useful than its oily cousin. Not allowing the compound to pass through your digestive system means the most vital components will be directly absorbed into your bloodstream.
CBD Tinctures vs. Oil
While CBD tinctures have higher bioavailability than CBD oil due to the presence of alcohol, they contain low potency of CBD when compared to the strength of pure CBD oil.
Tinctures also contain other substances, mainly to enhance flavor and make them easier for consumption. Some of those ingredients include:
- Vitamins like D, C, B12
- Basil, lavender, and similar essential oils
This means that tinctures have a much different (better) taste than oil, can be mixed with foods rather than just vaped, and have much longer shelf life than oil thanks to the additives that act as preservatives.
Pricewise, CBD oils tend to be slightly more expensive than tinctures, although it’s not a hard written rule by any means; other important factors affect the price.
What Type or Form of CBD Should I Take?
This is a question that most tend to ask, but it’s not as complex as you may think. The decision to use a particular type of CBD-infused product is based solely on your individual preferences. In other words, if tinctures and edibles work better for you than oil – then the choice is pretty simple. By the same token, if CBD oil works best for you – then there’s no reason to shift towards soluble solutions.
If you would like to know more about CBD oil, different types, advantages and shortcomings of said types, and much more – don’t hesitate to read our other articles! We aim to bring these seemingly complex subjects closer to our readers to prepare them for the fantastic world of CBD-infused products. You can also browse our webshop and get your hands on some amazing and natural CBD products!